With climate change remaining a global imperative, there will be continued scrutiny of carbon emissions along food and agriculture supply chains. With this in mind, dairy corporations are trying to address the problem of emissions within their own supply chain. An understanding of the dynamics within this unique food chain is a key first step. A focus on greenhouse gas emissions (GHG) in the dairy supply chain offers a competitive advantage to those who can measure emissions by segment and make investment decisions that follow through on climate pledges, as well as satisfy growing consumer demand for lower carbon intensity (CI) dairy products.